There are five main kinds of high blood pressure medication and many types and brands for each class of high blood medication. Find out what you are taking and how it helps to lower your blood pressure.
Angiotensin converting enzyme
What are angiotensin converting enzymes? ACE inhibitors reduce the chemical angiotensin ll in your bloodstream to prevent narrowing of your blood vessels due to this chemical. It reduces pressure on flowing blood.
Types and brands of ACE inhibitors are trandolapril, quinapril, ramipril, and lisinopril to name a few.
Angiotensin receptor blockers
A medicine related to ACE inhibitors is angiotensin receptor blockers called angiotensin-ll receptor antagonists. They block the effect of angiotensin ll on the walls of the blood vessels.
Calcium channel blocker
Another example of high blood pressure medication is calcium channel blocker which dictates how calcium is utilized in the heart muscle and blood vessels while also treating angina.
Types and brands of calcium channel blockers are felodipine, verapamil, amlodipine to name a few.
Water tablets or diuretics are made to reduce fluid in circulating blood to eventually reduce blood pressure and discharge this fluid as urine.
Diuretics may also have a relaxing effect on the blood vessels, eventually reducing blood pressure. Examples of diuretics are thiazides, indapamide, chlortalidone and cyclopenthiazide. A very small amount of diuretics can reliably treat high blood pressure.
Beta blockers are also considered high blood medication. Beta blockers slows heart beating rate, reducing the force of the heart to decrease blood pressure.
Types and brands of beta blockers are acebutolol, bisoprolol, oxprenolol, sotalol and timolol. Beta blockers are prohibited for those suffering from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and specific types of heart or blood vessel problems.
Side effects of high blood pressure medications
All high blood pressure medication have side effects.
Beta blockers can cause tiredness, impotence, cool hands and feet as well as poor sleep while diuretics can cause erection problems and worsen gout.
Calcium channel blockers can cause dizziness, swollen ankles and constipation as well as facial flushing while angiotensin receptor blockers can cause dizziness.
ACE inhibitors can cause an irritating cough.